Contemporary ABA at Hawkswood School
Cornerstones of Contemporary ABA
- Antecedent-Based Interventions
- Differential Reinforcement
- Structured Teaching
- Task Analysis, Chaining, Shaping, and Total Task Instruction
- Functional Behavior Assessment
- Functional Communication Training
- Naturalistic Intervention (Interaction techniques and behavioral strategies designed to encourage specific target behaviors based on the learner’s interests)
- Reinforcement Response Interruption/Redirection
- Social Stories, Scripts, and Narratives
- Augmentative Communication
- Visual Supports
Where did Contemporary ABA come from?
- Contemporary ABA grew out of current research on social development, communication, and learning styles in both typically developing students and students with learning differences and autism spectrum disorders.
- Consideration was also given to the core skill deficits in autism spectrum disorders (specifically, social, communication, and behavior regulation).
What is Contemporary ABA?
- Contemporary ABA is a practice that has been heavily influenced by language and play development.
- In this model, emphasis is placed on individualized and positive approaches in regard to both academic and self-care skill acquisition and managing challenging behaviors.
- It is similar to other developmentally based practices including as it encourages and supports incidental teaching and positive behavioral supports.
- A way of looking at skills and behaviors that acknowledges that every behavior or skill takes place in a given environment, under certain conditions, and with the expectation that some reaction will occur afterward.
What are the Priorities in Contemporary ABA?
- Functional and spontaneous communication
- Social skills instruction in the natural environment as well as specifically designed learning opportunities
- Play skills that include both peers and recreational/ leisure activities
- Instruction that leads to generalization and maintenance in the Natural Environment
- A functional approach to academics that will support real-world life skills
What Contemporary ABA is not…
- Discrete trial teaching
- Isolated, teacher-led instruction
- Compliance training