Contemporary ABA at Hawkswood School

Cornerstones of Contemporary ABA
  • Antecedent-Based Interventions
  • Differential Reinforcement
  • Structured Teaching
  • Task Analysis, Chaining, Shaping, and Total Task Instruction
  • Extinction
  • Functional Behavior Assessment
  • Functional Communication Training
  • Naturalistic Intervention (Interaction techniques and behavioral strategies designed to encourage specific target behaviors based on the learner’s interests)
  • Prompting
  • Reinforcement Response Interruption/Redirection
  • Social Stories, Scripts, and Narratives
  • Augmentative Communication
  • Visual Supports
Where did Contemporary ABA come from?
  • Contemporary ABA grew out of current research on social development, communication, and learning styles in both typically developing students and students with learning differences and autism spectrum disorders.
  • Consideration was also given to the core skill deficits in autism spectrum disorders (specifically, social, communication, and behavior regulation).
What is Contemporary ABA?
  • Contemporary ABA is a practice that has been heavily influenced by language and play development.
  • In this model, emphasis is placed on individualized and positive approaches in regard to both academic and self-care skill acquisition and managing challenging behaviors.
  • It is similar to other developmentally based practices including as it encourages and supports incidental teaching and positive behavioral supports.
  • A way of looking at skills and behaviors that acknowledges that every behavior or skill takes place in a given environment, under certain conditions, and with the expectation that some reaction will occur afterward.
What are the Priorities in Contemporary ABA?
  • Functional and spontaneous communication
  • Social skills instruction in the natural environment as well as specifically designed learning opportunities
  • Play skills that include both peers and recreational/ leisure activities
  • Instruction that leads to generalization and maintenance in the Natural Environment
  • A functional approach to academics that will support real-world life skills
What Contemporary ABA is not…
  • Discrete trial teaching
  • Isolated, teacher-led instruction
  • Compliance training